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草坪常见病害诊断要点和防治措施

发布时间:2020-11-21 09:56  来源:郑州园林绿化

YINGBIBANBING:(YIXIELANZISHUZHIWU) ZHENDUANYAODIAN:ZHIJING2.5~5cmDEYUANXINGYAHENXIAOBANDIAN。 ZAOCHENYOULUSHUIHUOOUTUSHI,XINXINGCHENGBUWEIDEZHIWUSHANGBUYEHUICHUXIANQIANHUIDAOBAISEDEWANGZHUANGJUNSI。 ZAIBEIGANRANDEYEPIANSHANGXINGCHENGSHALOUZHUANGBAN...

     YINGBIBANBING:(YIXIELANZISHUZHIWU)

     ZHENDUANYAODIAN:ZHIJING2.5~5cmDEYUANXINGYAHENXIAOBANDIAN。

     ZAOCHENYOULUSHUIHUOOUTUSHI,XINXINGCHENGBUWEIDEZHIWUSHANGBUYEHUICHUXIANQIANHUIDAOBAISEDEWANGZHUANGJUNSI。

     ZAIBEIGANRANDEYEPIANSHANGXINGCHENGSHALOUZHUANGBANDIAN,ZHONGJIANWEIHUIBAISE,BIANYUANWEIHONGZONGSE。

     KONGZHICUOSHI:SHIYONGSHILIANGDANFEI。YONGZHUGANHUOQITAGONGJUBAYEZISHANGDESHUIDISAOGANJING。

     WANCHUNSHIYONGHUANSHIDANFEIKEJIANSHAOYINGBIBANBINGDEFASHENG。

     SHENGUAN,JIANSHAOGUANGAIPINLV。

     JINYINHUA、JINZHENGU、BAIJUNQING、PUREXITONGDENGSHAJUNJIDEYINGYONG

     Tosphaeriaarmarari,L.Korrae)

     ZHENDUANYAODIAN:CHUNJIBAIMUDAZHUANLVSHI,QINRANCAOPINGCHENGYUANXINGHUOYUANXINGBANKUAI,ZHIJING5~50 cm,YOUXIECHENGTIANTIANQUANZHUANG,XINGCHENG“WAYAN”,ZHONGJIANCUNHUO,ZHOUWEISHIKUWEIDECAOQUAN。

     FANGZHICUOSHI:LIYONGKANGBINGPINZHONG,GAILIANGTURANG,HELISHIYONGDANFEI,QIUJIKEXUESHIYONGJIAFEI,HELIJIANGDITURANGpHZHISHIYOUXIAODEGUANLICUOSHI。

     YAOJIDEYUFANGXINGYINGYONGKEQUDEJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO,QIZHONGYIJINSHIHELVBENJIMIDINGCHUNZUIWEIYOUXIAO。QUANSHIBING(Gaeumaomycesgramiis)

     ZHENDUANYAODIAN:DIANXINGTUCHUANBINGHAI、WANCAOWEIHAIZUIYANZHONG,QUANGENYEKESUNSHANGXINGCHENGHUANZHUANGTUDIAN,BINGBUDUANKUODA。

     YINSHITIAOJIANYOULIYUBINGHAIHEBINGYUANDESHENGZHANG,CAOYUANJINGGUOGAOWENGANZAOXIEPOHOU,ZHENGZHUANGJIANGGENGJIAMINGXIAN。

     JUNSIDEDIANXINGTEZHENGSHIJUNSIXINGCHENGYEZHUANGJIEGOU,JIZHUBUTONG,JUNSITIYANBUTONG。

     FANGZHICUOSHI:SHIYONGLIUHUANGHUOSUANFEI。BIMIANGUOLIANGDESHIHUI,CESHIGUANGAISHUIDEpHZHI,JIANGTURANGpHKONGZHIZAI6YIXIA。

     JINGCHANGSHENGUAN,JIANSHAOGUANGAICISHU。

     CAIYONGJINYANG、LVBENJIAFEN、SANZUOTONGDENGSHAJUNJI。QUMEIYEBANBING(Bipolisspp.)

     ZHENDUANYAODIAN:QUANGENBURUXINGMAN(Bipoliscyodo-)

     NENGGANRANSUOYOUCAOPINGCAO。BINGHAIFASHENGSHI,BINGHAISHOUXIANCHUXIANYEBAN、GAOWEN、GAOSHI,DAOZHIJINGFU、GENFUBINGDENG。

     CAOPINGSHANGCHUXIANBUGUIZEDEHUANGSEBANKUAI。

     KONGZHICUOSHI:TIGAOLIUCHAGAODU。BIMIANZAOCHUNGUOLIANGSHIYONGDANFEI。SHIYONGSHAJUNJIFANGZHICAOPINGCAODIYICIBIANLV,BINGZAI4YUEDIHE5YUECHUZHONGFU,MEIGELIANGZHOUYICI。

     XIAJIYEBANBINGYINGLIJISHIYONG,RUJINLIKE。DANGCHUXIANJINGFU、JINGJIBUFULANDENGZHENGZHUANGSHI,XIAOGUOYOUXIAN。GENJIEXIANCHONG(Meloidogyespp.)

     诊断要点:整个草坪看上去稀疏,形成不规则的黄色斑块。